Replacing Several Teeth
If you have lost several teeth there are two solutions: separate crowns on dental implants or a bridge attached to several dental implants.
Step by Step
Some people loose teeth in the back of the mouth. This is typically caused by gum infection (periodontitis) or by teeth cracking due to previous fillings.
Between two and four dental implants are installed for a dental implant bridge. This solution does not affect your own teeth. The bridge will function for many years, regardless of the condition of your existing teeth.
Abutments are attached to the dental implants. The next step is to fit a bridge; the new set of teeth is placed on the abutments.
The dental implant bridge is now in place and can withstand the strong chewing forces that occur in the back of the mouth. It feels and functions like natural teeth.
A thorough examination
The first step in dental implant therapy is a discussion with your dental professional, followed by a thorough dental examination. The jaw is x-rayed to check the condition of the bone tissue and to determine the placement of the dental implant. An impression is made of the jaw and existing teeth, forming an important platform for the treatment.
Inserting the dental implant
There are two options for dental implant placement depending on your clinical situation. In a one-step procedure, the dental implant is put in place and a temporary abutment is attached. In a two-step procedure, the dental implant is installed and then covered by the gum. The abutment is attached at a later date.
In both cases, a temporary tooth or prosthesis is put in place, followed by a maximum healing period of three months for the lower jaw and six months for the upper jaw. In some cases, the dental implant can be loaded immediately although this depends on your bone condition.
Attaching the abutments
In a one-step procedure, the temporary abutment is replaced by a permanent one after the dental implant has bonded with the bone tissue. The second part of a two-step procedure involves making a minor incision to open the gum and put the abutment in place.
Producing the teeth
When the abutment is in place, a new impression is made. It is then compared with the impression made during the initial examination. Based on a final model, a dental technician carefully crafts the crown, bridge or prosthesis. Special attention is given to ensuring the right color and shape so that your new teeth look like your natural teeth.
Fitting and re-examination
When the teeth are ready, your dental professional simply attaches them to the dental implants. This is usually followed by a few follow-up visits to check functionality and esthetics and to make sure you are completely satisfied with your new teeth.
When you are ready for a dental implant, you will have a solution tailored to your needs, general state of health and the quantity and quality of your bone tissue. These factors also determine the total duration of the treatment. Consult your dental professional for your specific options.